Audio and Video transfers to CD and DVD | CD Makers, Sydney, Australia
Reel to Reel audio tape - one of the many audio formats that CD Makers can transfer.

Reel-to-Reel tape to CD transfer

Many families have old reel-to-reel tapes in a box in the back of a cupboard somewhere in the house, but very few people have reel-to-reel tape players.

Now is the time to have CD Makers transfer your precious recordings to CD.

Weddings, funerals, recordings of family members - CD Makers can preserve them all by digitizing your recordings and transferring them to audio CDs.

Transfer Options

  • Reel-to-Reel to premium-grade recordable CD.
    • Cost effective.
    • Convienient - plays on computers and stand-alone audio CD and DVD players.
  • Reel-to-Reel to archive-grade gold recordable CD.
    • For precious recordings. Accelerated aging tests indicate that if these discs are handled and stored correctly, they will last for a hundred or more years.
  • Reel-to-Reel to audio files on a USB drive.
    • Many hours of audio can be compiled onto a single USB drive.
    • Audio files on USB play on a variety of devices, including computers, modern televisions and home entertainment systems. Many modern cars also play audio directly from USB drives.
    • Audio files can easily be copied from a USB drive using a computer.

Digitisation Options

  • Sample Rate - If the intention is to record to audio CDs, then the recommended sample rate is 44.1 or 88.2 kilohertz. However, audio can be digitised at any sample rate up to 96 kHz.
  • Sample Resolution - Audio is digitised with a sampling resolution 24 bit.
  • Audio Channels - Mono or Stereo.
  • Digitisation Formats
    • Audio is captured to WAV.
      • WAV files have compatibility with a very wide range of computer software.
      • WAV has been the standard audio format for computers for decades.
      • WAV files can be edited and saved over and over without any loss of quality.
    • The WAV files can be converted to MP3.
      • MP3 files play at near CD quality but use a fraction of the amount of storage.
      • MP3 files have a very large compatibility base, playing on nearly all computers, many modern televisions, home entertainment systems, car stereos and portable audio players.
    • The WAV files can also be converted to M4a.
      • M4a files have a similar advantage of small storage size, but with better quality than MP3 files.
      • Playback compatibility is increasing week by week, with M4a being touted as the successor to MP3.

Reel to Reel Tape Specifications

Reel to reel tapes come in various shapes and sizes, but even similar looking tapes can be recorded in various formats and at different speeds. CD Makers can transfer the following types of reel-to-reel tapes:

  • Tape width:
    • Quarter Inch
      (6.25 cm)
  • Track format:
    • mono
      • full track
      • half track
      • quarter track
    • stereo
      • half track
      • quarter track
    • 4 channel
  • Tape Speeds:
    • 1 7/8 i.p.s
      (4.76 cm/s)
    • 3¾ i.p.s.
      (9.5 cm/s)
    • 7½ i.p.s.
      (19.05 cm/s)
    • 15 i.p.s.
      (38.1 cm/s)
    • 30 i.p.s.
      (76.2 cm/s)
  • Noise Reduction:
    • None

Maximum Duration

Following is a guide to the duration of reel-to-reel tapes recorded on one side.
Double the duration if the tape is recorded on both sides.
Reel Diameter Length of tape 1 7/8 i.p.s
(4.76 cm/s)
3¾ i.p.s.
(9.5 cm/s)
7½ i.p.s.
(19.05 cm/s)
15 i.p.s.
(38.1 cm/s)
30 i.p.s.
(76.2 cm/s)
3 inch 200 feet 21 mins 10 mins 5 mins 2½ mins 1 1/3 mins
3 inch 400 feet 42 mins 21 mins 10 mins 5 mins 2½ mins
5 inch 600 feet 1 hr 4 mins 32 mins 16 mins 8 mins 4 mins
5 inch 900 feet 1 hr 36 mins 48 mins 24 mins 12 mins 6 mins

 

Reel Diameter Length of tape 1 7/8 i.p.s
(4.76 cm/s)
3¾ i.p.s.
(9.5 cm/s)
7½ i.p.s.
(19.05 cm/s)
15 i.p.s.
(38.1 cm/s)
30 i.p.s.
(76.2 cm/s)
7 inch 1,200 feet 2 hrs 8 mins 1 hr 4 mins 32 mins 16 mins 8 mins
7 inch 1,800 feet 3 hrs 12 mins 1 hr 36 mins 48 mins 24 mins 12 mins
10 inch 2,400 feet 4 hrs 16 mins 2 hrs 8 mins 1 hr 4 mins 32 mins 16 mins
10 inch 3,600 feet 6 hrs 24 mins 3 hrs 12 mins 1 hr 36 mins 48 mins 24 mins

The maximum duration of a standard audio CD is 80 minutes (74 minutes for gold archive CDs).

However, for precious recordings, we recommend recording only to about 60 minutes. This is because the recording starts in the middle and ends at the outer edge where some older CD players struggle to read the data correctly.

Reel to Reel tapes come in a variety of sizes and lengths. Even two similar sized reels can have different lengths of tape because the thickness of the tape can vary.

Links

Other pages relevant to reel-to-reel transfer:                                                

Compiling and Editing

Copyright Information

 

 

Squealing Tapes

The most likely cause of squealing open-reel tapes is that over a long period of time, the binder that holds the magnetic particles to the backing of the tape absorbs moisture from the atmosphere.

If your tape is squealing, you should stop playing it immediately. Continuing to play a squealing tape can cause permanent damage to the tape, and in some cases may also damage the tape player.

The solution to the problem is to bake the tape at very low temperatures (below 60 degrees Celsius)

CD Makers offers a tape baking service to restore your squealing tapes. We've successfully baked hundreds of tapes.

The charge for this service is $55 per bake for quarter-inch tape, including GST. This includes up to two audio tapes. Additional tapes can be baked at the same time for an additional charge of $10 each.

Up to 12 three inch diameter reels can be baked at a time, or 9 five inch reels, or 6 seven inch reels, or 3 ten inch reels.

One and two-inch tapes take longer to bake, and so the charge for baking these tapes is $75 per bake.

 

 

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